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Fan's Guide to Golf Rules and Basics Page 3 of 5 (Equipment)

golf player1- History & Object
2- The Essentials (Scoring, Competion, etc.)
3- Equipment
4- Course Diagram
5- Glossary of Golf Terms


The main equipment in golf is the golf ball and golf clubs. On each club, a grip is placed atop a metal or graphite shaft. The opposite end of the shaft connects to the clubface, which makes contact with the golf ball. The number on each clubface affects the trajectory and distance of each shot. Low numbers are placed on longer clubs that have a lower “loft,” or clubface angle that enable greater distance, but less control of the ball. High-numbered clubs are easier to hit and assist accuracy from short range. Players can carry a “set” of clubs that includes up to 14 clubs that are divided into four categories.

Woods: Used off the tee and for long fairway shots. Once made of wood, but graphite is more common today. Standard woods include the driver (1 wood), 3 wood, and 5 wood.

Irons: To reach or become closer to the green, a player chooses one of several irons numbered from one to nine.

Wedges: Allow for the greatest control of the ball for short-range shots onto the green. Common wedges include the sand wedge and pitching wedge.

Putter: A short-shafted club with a straight face used on the green to putt the ball into the cup.

Other equipment includes a glove to improve grip, tees to elevate the ball on the first shots, ball markers to mark the spot of the ball on the green, and a bag to hold the clubs. Dress codes are commonplace in golf. Proper attire consists of a collared shirt, cotton shorts or pants, socks, and golf shoes with soft spikes.

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