History & Object of the Game
2- The Essentials
(Offense & Defense, Scoring, etc.)
Diagram & Positions
4- Glossary of Baseball Terms
A players turn batting while
his team is on offense.
Pitch that travels outside the strike
zone that the hitter does not
A soft hit produced by holding the
bat in a stationary position over
Term used to describe a batters
balls and strikes during an at-bat.
The number of balls is first, followed
by the number of strikes. Three
and two is three balls and two
A play in which the defense records
Charged to a defensive player for
mistakes that should have resulted
in an out.
A ball that, when hit, lands between
the two foul lines and stays in bounds
past first or third base. A home run
is also a fair ball.
Ball hit with a high, arcing trajectory.
If a ball is caught by one of the
nine fielders before it bounces, the
batter is out. Base runners must tag-up
during a fly-out.
out: After a batter hits the ball,
he must advance to 1st base. The defense
can get him out by throwing the fielded
ball to 1st base before the runner
reaches the base. Additionally, other
base runners must advance if they
are forced by a base runner behind
Ball hit outside the two foul lines.
A ball hit behind the batter is a
foul tip. Results in a
strike. When a batter hits a foul
ball with two strikes, the count
remains the same and at bat continues,
because a foul cannot cause a strikeout.
ball: Ball hit with a low trajectory.
double: A ball that bounces in
fair territory and travels over the
outfield fence. The batter is awarded
2nd base, and all other runners on
base advance two bases.
batted ball that allows a batter to
safely reach base. A single (advances
to 1st base), double (advances to
2nd base), triple (advances to 3rd
base), and home run are all
types of hits. A balls trajectory
is usually a ground ball, line-drive,
or fly ball.
run: Base runner advances to the
next base during the pitch, knowing
that the batter is swinging at the
Fair ball hit over the outfield fence
between the two foul poles. Batter
and any runners on base are awarded
home plate and each scores a run.
Base runners attempt to gain an advantage
when the pitcher is pitching the ball
by starting several yards in the direction
of the next base.
drive: Ball hit with a trajectory
almost parallel to the ground.
defense must create three outs,
by strikeout, force-out,
fly-out, or tag-out,
before they can switch to offense.
Pitcher throws the ball to a base
to catch a base runner that has a
big lead off.
when an offensive player safely tags
A batter strategically hits the ball
into an out situation to advance or
score a runner. Usually a sacrifice
bunt or sacrifice fly.
Called when a player reaches a base
without getting tagged out or
avoids a force out.
base: A play during which a runner
advances a base while the pitcher
A ball that a batter swings at and
misses, hits foul, or fails to swing
at that crosses the strike zone.
A batter strikes out after
out: Occurs during an at-bat when
a batter accumulates three strikes,
at which the at-bat ends and the player
is called out.
zone: The area above home plate
between a batters knees and
A base runner that is not on a base
when he is tagged by a player with
the ball is out.
A player waits for a fly ball to be
caught before advancing to the next
base or else the defense can throw
the ball to the base that the runner
was on before he can return to it
and record another out.
play: A play during which the
defense records three outs.
Four balls from a pitcher results
in the batter receiving a walk,
and the batter automatically advances
to 1st base. Players on successive
bases who are forced to
advance may move to the next base.
Also called base on balls.
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