History & Object of the Game
2- The Essentials
(Offense & Defense, Scoring, etc.)
4- Court Diagram
5- Glossary of Basketball
A badly missed shot that fails to
hit the rim or backboard.
A pass that is received in mid-air
and dunked or laid-up before the player
touches the ground.
A pass that, once received, is immediately
shot and scored. Awarded to the player
who passes the ball.
A shot that bounces off the backboard
and lands in the basket.
shot: A shot that a defender prevents
from scoring by deflecting the ball.
Penalty on a defender for stepping
in front of an offensive player to
over: Violation called when a
player moves his hand under the ball
and scoops it while dribbling.
Foul called when an offensive player
runs over a defender who has established
position. Results in a turnover and
one personal foul.
dribble: A violation when a player
uses both hands to dribble or stops
dribbling and begins to dribble again.
team: A strategy in which two
defenders guard one offensive player
To advance with the ball by using
one hand to bounce it off the court.
To cut, with or without the ball,
towards the basket.
Shot slammed through the basket from
above the rim.
An offensive player uses any part
of the body, including the eyes, to
deceive a defender. Pretending to
shoot is called a pump fake.
break: Quick transition from defense
to offense, in which players race
to the frontcourt to score before
the defense can organize.
When a defender blocks a shot that
is descending toward the basket or
if the ball is touched directly above
the rim. Results in two points for
When possession is unclear, the referee
tosses ball in the air and one player
on each team jumps and attempts to
tip it toward a teammate.
A shot in which the player jumps and
is in mid-air when he releases the
An easy, one-handed shot near the
basket that bounces off the backboard
and into the basket.
A series of free-throws in which the
second free-throw attempt is awarded
only if the first is made.
Strategy in which the defense pressures
the offense to make mistakes by guarding
players closely. Often executed as
a half-court or full-court
Move in which a player catches the
ball, often in mid-air, after a missed
Move in which a player positions his
body to impede a defender and free
a teammate. Also called a pick.
To take possession of the ball from
an offensive player who is holding,
dribbling, or passing the ball.
Teams can stop play several times
per half when they have possession
of the ball to strategize before resuming
A jump ball that is used to
start the game.
Violation for two or more steps without
dribbling the ball.
When possession of the ball changes,
other than a rebound or following
a scored point. Turnovers include:
traveling, stolen ball, charging,
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